Principles and Basics of Television
Text: Shekhar KC
Lecture by : Prem Luitel, NTV
Date: 13 April Wednesday 2011
Venue: BMS room, Dolmc
Prem sir reviewed the students about the last class. we were given assignment about finding different ways of television coverage about a single issue. In the last week there were a series of events like Gokarna Bista, a newly appointed minister attacked on that very day of his appointment, expansion of Jhala Nath Khanal’s cabinet; sir wanted us to find the difference in time allocation; depth of the issue; horizon of the different aspects of the events covered etc. In this class basically we will focus on the principles of Television journalism.
He handed over the programme schedule of Nepal Television where he is professionally involved. He introduced NTV as a general television unlike News24 and Avenues Television which are news channel. NTV operated on the basis of guideline formed by Ministry of communication and information under Nepal Government. It follow Communication Act, Broadcasting Act and also other. The programs of NTV are aimed at promoting good health, development and peace and social harmony at community and national level. To say more such programme should Develop social consciousness and democratic values. They mustn’t leave any adverse impact on healthy relationship with neighboring countries, should go in line with foreign policies. Nepal has also its own foreign policy which is the blend of Pancha sila and UN Charter. It contains co-existency and friendly relationship with all states. Amol,my dear colleague asked about the Nepal’s view on Tibet issues and Anti-China protest. Sir replied that Nepal has adopted One-China policy so Nepal accepts Tibet and Taiwan as a part of China. Rhitik Roshan’s scandle was also discussed regarding the role of media in neighboring countries. Sir also told that NTV being owned by Nepal government might be influenced by the interest of political party in Power. Programme shouldn’t broadcast programme that create terror in the country. It shouldn’t devalue anybody’s cultural values. We added the example of News24 covering the issue of nationality in one of it’s Jaya swabhiman programme.
Sir suggested us to do further research on the topic inorder to draw the conclusion before generalizing things. We as a media students should carryout out systematic study in the concerned topic before establishing certain particular conclusion. Yunus Ansari who operated Television station to fulfill his business motive failed in his media venture.
Television needs tranied profesionals, expensive equipment. It needs a lot of investments.
Prem sir asked if we can produce short documentaries like we did in summer training some 1 year back. he said – “you can use your own simple camera to make it ”. We should have knowledge of different types of Cameras.
In program production various elements to be in consideration are concepts; planning; scripts etc. Live transmission is available through OB Van.
terrestrial system of broadcasting: electronic radiation is transmitted from tower installed in land to the receiver in Land itself. It is relatively affordable than satellite. Terrestrially transmitted channels are for public and freely available whose signal can be received by simple antenna. This technology is useful for low income and remotely habitat people.
Satellite system of broadcasting:
TV jargons need to be understood and learnt by media students. Sir suggested to surf net for accessing such TV jargon.