EXPLORING STUDY ABROAD :INTERNET AND THE ISSUE OF BRAIN DRAIN
(This article was written by Amol Acharya and Prem Tshering Sherpa)
The more and more the technology has been taking all over the world, the more and more the people are longing for even more shortcuts. In this material world, pleasure comes from materialistic inventions. Where there are more inventions, there will be more money and where there will be more money, there will be obviously more people. So many changes has been brought in the technologies making our life a lot easier, but still people are wanting more; a typical human nature. In the developed countries, people are wishing for some even more machines that will comfort them. Developing countries are looking for money
making opportunities. This makes them think of going abroad or to the place where there are more opportunities waiting them. People going abroad to earn money, or study further and people seeking some more comforts and entertainments such as use of computers, zooming it further more, use of internets are increasing day by day. Internet is such a wonderful creation; it has been more like obsession past few years. Internet is so addictive, because of two reasons: information and freedom. There are much to do and much to explore, once you get in you don’t feel like leaving. Freedom in such a way that you can see, write, talk, and do most of the thing freely with no any boundaries. It is popular among all age’s people. By 2000 it was estimated that the number of adults using the internet exceeded 100 million in the US alone. Most people have been making the internet their virtual world; one can live without televisions, radios, cell phones, and stuffs but without internet, life seems impossible. Whenever you got some problems with homework, Google it. Whenever you need some business ideas then surf the sites. Whenever you want to make friends, then you have facebook, hi5, myspace and so on. Whenever you want to get new stuffs, there is online shopping; want to watch new movies or shows then does it online, date online, trade online, etc. Everything is done online.
As everyone knows good comes with bad, internet has its negative aspects too. It is not always true that the internet explores some good ideas, and information; some websites pollute our mind. People blindly believe on the information provided online. If one has to write a research paper, then they search online using Wikipedia, or Google, rather than looking related books, or exploring the nature. People are abandoning themselves from their real world and are going deep into the virtual world or “internet” world. People prefer to stay home and surf internet during their leisure time than going outside, and doing something creative. Internet abandons people from socializing with other people.
These days Internet is being a way of life in Nepal also. Let alone the remote villages, every cities of Nepal has access to internet in the present situation. The ‘unfavorable condition’ of the country has been a good reason for students to go abroad in search of higher studies. Internet has been the easiest way to get rid out of almost every query, so the list of universities and their programs can not remain apart. Moreover these days internet is flooded by varieties of advertisement which no one can avoid. Since education is being made a business it is also advertised. We can see the advertisement of different collages and university blinking on our computer screen while we surf net. They are provided and decorated with plenty of good words which promise different facilities and scholarship schemes, which can easily persuade and attract anyone towards it. Internet has definitely been a window to peep out the outer world. Before in the absence of internet people were not able to communicate with universities in the other hemisphere or it would take a long time to communicate via letters. But in today’s global village one can communicate to universities of every nook and corners in no time with the help of internet in a single click. This has created an alluvial environment for every student who desires to grow in the abroad study environment.
Moreover internet has help to brain wash people’s mind by showing the big world in the west. People these days think everything western is the best. We can take example of Nepal- here west is admired the most. Whoever in the west is called the best, inspite of knowing what ever they do? ).
Here is one example of the use of internet for the brain drain of students:
Study Abroad Program For Students
Study abroad program is one of the exciting parts of being a student. It provides a new approach in learning a lot of things in a foreign country.
Study abroad is one of the most prevalent summer study program being availed by many college students. A number of colleges and universities around the world offer such programs to foreign students. This provides the students the opportunity to pursue their education in other countries. Other students who have major academic subjects study in a particular country wherein they can have hands on experience. With this, they can have the chance to apply their knowledge in actual practice. Generally, subjects taken during the study program is credited to the student’s academic records.
Basically, one of the common reasons of students in studying abroad is to learn different languages. Many believe that in order to learn a language effectively, one must immerse into the setting where the language is spoken. Another reason is that the students want to experience traveling and learn from diverse cultures of other nations. It is also a way to expand their knowledge beyond those that their home school can provide.
Students under the study abroad program stay in dormitories designated by the home university or live with a host family who agrees to provide student lodging. Study abroad programs normally last for a week or even longer. It most often takes place during the summer break of the academic year. Study abroad also presents loads of benefits to students such as scholarships, grants, and even job opportunities.
According to the 2002 IIE’s Open Doors report, the percentage of study abroad students majoring in business or management steadily has risen each year from 10.9% in 1985/86 to 18.1% in 2000/01 (a drop occurred, to 17.6%, in 2001-02). Business and management majors are now the second-largest group of study abroad students, with social science majors the largest, and humanities majors the third-largest group. These studies suggest that employers regard study abroad favorably and believe study abroad experiences develop highly-desirable skills for career advancement. Qualitative data suggests listing a study abroad experience on a resume is advantageous, and furthermore, having a study abroad experience is beneficial in increasing one’s career opportunities. A study found that employers believe that candidates who studied abroad are likely to possess strong interpersonal skills (Doorbar, 2003.
Many developing countries such as Nepal, India, Bangladesh, Afghanistan, and so on, have developed a tendency of going abroad. Do not know what is on people’s mind but they believe studying abroad is equal to earning more money and living decent life they have been dreaming of. In such high hopes many talented people are living their motherland for the sake of going to the so called ‘country of opportunity’. They spend their whole fortune just to get visa to study abroad. For that, they sell their properties, take loan, and do whatever it is possible. The greed of going outside the country to earn big bucks, dollars or pounds, makes them selfish; makes them forget there are so many people with same wishes and dreams.
Reports indicate that students are increasingly more focused upon career-related outcomes when entering college. For instance, in 1968, the majority of students (82.5%) surveyed stated their goal for a college education was “developing a meaningful philosophy of life” (Bronner, 1998). In contrast, in 1998, the majority of students (74.9%) reported their goal for a college education was “becoming very well off financially” (Bronner, 1998), which presumes a more pragmatic educational plan. Considering this more career focused student population, international educators could use data demonstrating positive career outcomes to persuade students to study abroad.
Not only these, overseas experiences are often marketed as preparation for an international career, a way to expand international and cross-cultural perspectives. Other proposed advantages of study abroad include increased interpersonal skills and a broadened understanding of international practices. However, research substantiating these claims is limited.